NHR PerfLab Seminar: Memory Bandwidth and System Balance in HPC Systems
Speaker: Dr. John D. McCalpin (Texas Advanced Computing Center), also known as “Dr. Bandwidth,” of STREAM fame
Title: Memory Bandwidth and System Balance in HPC Systems – 2021 Update
Date & time: Wednesday, December 15, 2021, 4:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. CET
This talk reviews the history of supercomputing systems with a focus on the “balance” between computation and memory access and on the interaction of technology, architecture, and market forces in driving the evolution of these systems. Since the “Attack of the Killer Micros” began 30 years ago, the combination of Moore’s Law and Dennard Scaling have led to astounding increases in the computational capabilities of microprocessors, while the technology behind memory subsystems has not enjoyed comparable performance improvements. The increasing imbalance between computation and memory access costs has led to stunningly complex processor implementations with increasing design and fabrication costs as well as increasingly opaque and confounding performance characteristics.
A review of new technologies (such as HBM) shows that the difficulties of delivering increased memory bandwidth are not alleviated unless the underlying computer architectures are changed in fundamental ways. The combination of technology trends and economic factors suggest that system balances will continue to shift in the same directions — favoring workloads with increasingly high compute intensity and increasing available concurrency.
John D. McCalpin is a Research Scientist in the High Performance Computing Group and Director of the Advanced Computing Evaluation Laboratory (ACELab) at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) of the University of Texas at Austin. At TACC, he works on performance analysis and performance modeling in support of both current users and future system acquisitions.
McCalpin joined TACC in 2009 after a twelve-year career in performance analysis and system architecture in the computer industry. This included serving as a principal scientist in the architecture team at SGI, as HPC performance lead the processor team at IBM, and as the technical lead of AMD’s tightly coupled accelerator program.
Prior to his industrial career, John was an oceanographer – engaged in research and teaching on numerical simulation of the large-scale circulation of the oceans – leading to the development of the STREAM benchmark in 1991.